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La pronunciación española
1. Las vocales
In Spanish each vowel has only 1 sound.
a – as in father. casa, hasta, mañana, pluma
e – as in the a in gate. tengo, café, arte, botella
i – as in the e in me. sí, mi, dice, amigo
o – as in phone. poco, otro, color, hola
u – as in the oo in boot. mucho, gusto, tiburón, pura
2. Las consonantes
Consonant sounds that vary from English.
There is only 1 silent letter in Spanish, the “h”. All other letters, including the final e, are always pronounced.
ce, ci – is the soft c. Just like English it sounds like the s: cinco, cielo, cita
ca, co, cu – is the hard c. Just like English it sounds like the k: clase, casi, con cuidado
ge, gi – is the soft g. It is like the h in English: gente, página,
ga, go, gu—is the hard g. Just like the hard g in English: gracias, gallo.
d – has a slight th sound: de nada, radio, día, estudiante
h – Silente. It is never pronounced no matter where it appears in a word: historia, hasta, hola, hijo
j – sounds like the English h: José, hija, Tejas
ll – like the English y: tortilla, chile relleno, pollo
ñ – like the ny in English (canyon): mañana, señor, español
r – rolled slightly if in middle of word: cuaderno, libro, but rolled like the double rr if it is the first letter of a word: Roberto, radio, risas
rr – rolled. Unlike any sound in English: perro, burrito, tierra
v – pronounced like a b: mucho gusto verte, vámonos, Denver
z – like s. There is no zz sound in Spansih: zorro, cerveza