Spanish Pronunciation










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La pronunciación española

1.  Las vocales

In Spanish each vowel has only 1 sound.


a – as in father.  casa, hasta, mañana, pluma

e – as in the a in gate.  tengo, café, arte, botella

i –  as in the e in me.  sí, mi, dice, amigo

o –  as in phone. poco,  otro, color, hola

u – as in the oo in boot.  mucho, gusto, tiburón, pura


2.  Las consonantes

Consonant sounds that vary from English.

There is only 1  silent letter in Spanish, the “h”.  All other letters, including the final e, are always pronounced.


ce, ci – is the soft c.  Just like English it sounds like the s:  cinco, cielo, cita

ca, co, cu – is the hard c.  Just like English it sounds like the k:   clase, casi, con cuidado

ge, gi – is the soft g.  It is like the h in English:  gente, página,

ga, go, gu—is the  hard  g.  Just like the hard g in English: gracias, gallo.


d – has a slight th sound:  de nada, radio, día, estudiante

h – Silente. It is never pronounced no matter where it appears in a word:  historia, hasta, hola, hijo

j – sounds like the English h:  José, hija, Tejas

ll – like the English y:  tortilla, chile relleno, pollo

ñ – like the ny in English (canyon):  mañana, señor, español

r – rolled slightly if in middle of word:  cuaderno, libro, but rolled like the double rr if it is the first letter of a word:  Roberto, radio, risas

rr – rolled.  Unlike any sound in English:  perro,  burrito, tierra

v –  pronounced like a b:  mucho gusto verte, vámonos, Denver

z – like s.  There is no zz sound in Spansih:  zorro, cerveza